From: Tomas Frydrych (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Date: Wed Feb 19 2003 - 05:04:25 EST
This is rather a longish posting, but please bear with me to the end
where I make some practical suggestions.
> > > Again, this is not right. In particular, requesting screen font at
> > > real_size = size*zoom results in incorrect scaling (because font
> > > metric does not scale linearly with size). This seems to me to be
> > > precisely what we have done in the past, and what does not work.
> Tomas, here you're slightly wrong.
> If we have a font at 12pt, then the requested "size" of the font
> should be 12 points, whatever the zoom. To get a bigger font (still
> at 12pt), you can change the resolution in which you want the font.
> Now, except for some MM fonts with optical scaling (if computer modern
> had a MM version, then it will qualify), that's exactly equivalent to
> requesting the font at size * zoom.
You are right, Joaquin, that to get the bigger font we have to
notionally adjust the resolution, but adjusting the size by the zoom
factor is _not_ equivalent to changing the resolution by the zoom
factor. To avoid the non-linearity, the scaling has to be done
(knowingly) by the font renderer, it cannot be done by ourselves
before the rendering.
So, if we have 8pt font and 72dpi device and want zoom of 500%,
the font renderer has to be rendering 8pt font as if the device used
360dpi and then output the bit image on the 72dpi device. We can
either use some kind of a tranform mechanism the renderer
provides to achieve this, or, we have to make the renderer believe
that the device resolution is 360dpi. What we do now is ask the
renderer to render 40pt font to 72dpi device.
The non-linearity _does_ matter because although we now do the
layout with the correct metrics (and that is obvoiously a major step
forward), at zoom other than 100% the system is using different
metrics for drawing on screen than that which we used to calculate
> Yeah, we all know what transforms are. And, with a
> teensy bit of work, the PS class could support such
> things trivially. However, our GDK/FontConfig drawing
> functions are *incapable* of doing that.
FT2 has an api for transforms, and so if xft does not, we should file
an xft bug. However, just because we cannot do this on Unix, we
should not force the Unix limitations on the XP code. Since
transform is the standard, and also most efficient, way in which
scaling should be handled, we should have the XP code assuming
transforms and then the platform code implementing the behaviour in
whatever manner is best on the given platform.
The present approach de facto penalises platforms that can handle
transforms properly. On such a system once you set a transform for
the canvas, you need not to worry about anything to do with zoom:
one zoom event == one system call that applies until the next zoom
event. The present approach does not allow us to do that, since it
assumes that the zoom factor is taken into account on each
individual drawing operation. The effect of scaling via a system
transform is that the physical size of the device unit changes, but
not the relationship between the number of layout units and device
units. This means that the current XP versions of the ::tdu() and
::tlu() would not work. It would seem to me that the correct thing to
do is to have the the 'normal' case in the XP versions and the
'abnormal' cases in the platform code. The 'normal' case (using
DU = layoutUnits * getDeviceResolution() / getResolution();
The basic assumption in handling zoom in the XP code should be
that zoom is an event, rather than a state; the zoom mechanism
should work like this:
zoom event -> create transform -> pass down to gr_Graphics -> let
the platform GR class decide what to do about it:
- on platforms supporting transforms issue system call and
forget all about it
- on other platforms, do whatever it takes (e.g., use the trasform
inside platform-specific ::tdu() and ::tlu(), etc.).
This seems to me to be the most generic approach. The changes
requried are quite small, initially just making use of the transform
class and shifting the zoom calculations from gr_Graphics to
platform code. Unless there are any serious objections, I am going
to do this.
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